The Provincial Violence Prevention Curriculum (PVPC) was developed in 2010 to fill a need for effective, recommended, and provincially recognized violence prevention (VP) education for all British Columbia health care workers across a range of care settings, including affiliate organizations. The PVPC was refined and updated in 2015 to align with trauma informed practice, dementia care, and paediatric care principles.
The curriculum includes eight e-learning modules, a core classroom module, and an advanced team response classroom module. It was developed with the support and commitment of the following parties:
- British Columbia Nurses’ Union
- Union of Psychiatric Nurses of BC
- Hospital Employees’ Union
- Health Sciences Association of BC
- Fraser Health
- Interior Health
- Vancouver Coastal Health
- Northern Health
- Island Health
- Providence Health Care
- Provincial Health Services
- SafeCare BC
- Health Employers Association of BC
- Occupational Health and Safety Agency for Healthcare (OHSAH) in BC
Principles of PVPC
Health care employers have made a provincial commitment to ensure the health and safety of all workers against violence in the workplace. Providing training is only one part of the employers’ responsibilities in an effective violence prevention program.
There are four main principles in the Provincial Violence Prevention Curriculum. The following principles apply to both employers and workers:
Prevention is everyone’s responsibility
Violence prevention programs require the commitment of all levels of the organization to be successful (e.g., workers, supervisors, managers, directors, etc.). Both employers and workers need to apply the principles in order to help build and sustain a safe work culture.
Respectful verbal, non-verbal and vocal communication helps build relationships and rapport, which can protect against violence. Health care workers need to attempt to build rapport and communicate in such a way that won’t contribute to escalation and may prevent people from escalating in the first place.
Be proactive, not reactive
By being aware of the risk for violence, always assessing the risk, and communicating the risk to co-workers, we can work toward preventing escalation from occurring as much as possible.
Take personal responsibility for the safety of yourself and others
Every individual has a responsibility to create a safe environment by following and using violence prevention tools, resources, and systems (e.g., violence risk alerts, Code White processes, behavioural care plans, etc.)
The curriculum is based on the overarching principles and a Provincial Violence Prevention Curriculum framework that identifies four (4) main responsibilities in preventing and protecting against violence in the workplace:
- Recognize Risks and Behaviours - This includes being aware and familiar with the general risks and behaviours that are associated with violence so you know what to look for.
- Assess and Plan - This includes informal and formal assessment of a particular person or situation you are faced with.
- Respond to the Risk - This includes strategies to prevent escalation, de-escalation techniques, knowing when and how to get help, and applying personal safety techniques.
- Report and Communicate Post-Incident - This includes proper reporting processes, knowing when/how to communicate risks, and where/how to access supporting resources.
There are specific tasks under each of the main responsibilities. Participants will learn the foundational knowledge regarding those tasks in the series of e-learning modules. Participants attending the classroom sessions will apply that knowledge through activities to further reinforce and practice what they need to do to prevent and protect against workplace violence.